AskDefine | Define prolepsis

Dictionary Definition

prolepsis n : anticipating and answering objections in advance [also: prolepses (pl)]

User Contributed Dictionary

English

Etymology

Greek πρόληψις anticipation

Pronunciation

/pɹoʊˈlɛpsɪs/

Noun

prolepsis
  1. the assignment of something to a period of time that precedes it.
  2. the representation of something which has ocurred before its time.
    I'm a dead man.
  3. A grammatical construction that consists of placing an element in a syntactic unit before that to which it would logically correspond.
    That noise, I just heard it again.
  4. A philosophical concept used in ancient epistemology to indicate a so-called "preconception", i.e. a pre-theoretical notion which can lead to true knowledge of the world.

Derived terms

Extensive Definition

Prolepsis (from the Greek prolambanein, to anticipate) can be:
  1. A figure of speech in which a future event is referred to in anticipation. For example, a character who is about to die might be described as "the dead man" before he is actually dead. The same device can be used in non-verbal media such as film, where it is also called flashforward. [Source: Britannica]
  2. The anticipation of an objection. For example, a speaker might say "'Ah', you say, 'but that is impossible!'" Here the speaker is anticipating the objection 'Ah, but that is impossible!' from his audience—and is probably about to refute that objection before it arises. This form is more accurately called procatalepsis. http://humanities.byu.edu/rhetoric/Figures/P/prolepsis.htm
  3. A grammatical construction that consists of placing an element in a syntactic unit before that to which it would logically correspond. Example: "That noise, I just heard it again", where that noise grammatically belongs in place of it.
  4. A philosophical concept used in ancient epistemology (in particular by Epicurus and the Stoa) to indicate a so-called "preconception", i.e., a pre-theoretical notion which can lead to true knowledge of the world.
Prolepsis may also refer to:

References

  • Greek Grammar
prolepsis in German: Prolepsis
prolepsis in Spanish: Prolepsis
prolepsis in French: Prolepse
prolepsis in Ido: Prolepso
prolepsis in Dutch: Prolepsis
prolepsis in Norwegian: Prolepse
prolepsis in Polish: Prolepsis
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